A Low Emission Zone (or LEZ) is an area where a person may not drive a vehicle which does not meet a specified exhaust emission standard.
LEZs are intended to reduce pollution levels and improve air quality in areas where standards are not being met. They are based on a penalty notice approach to effectively ban non-compliant vehicles.
Whilst much has been done to improve the quality of the air we breathe, for the oldest and youngest in our society and those with existing respiratory or cardiovascular conditions, air quality remains an issue.
In Glasgow city centre, levels of harmful nitrogen dioxide are being recorded at levels which do not meet statutory objectives. The main source of this air pollutant from within the city is from road traffic.
Glasgow's LEZ is therefore an essential measure for improving air quality in the city centre.
Glasgow's LEZ will help to reduce levels of nitrogen dioxide and other internal combustion sourced pollutants which will improve air quality and make Glasgow a safer, cleaner and more pleasant place to live, work and visit.
An added benefit is that as the majority of vehicles entering Glasgow's LEZ travel in from outside the zone, the positive effects of cleaner vehicles will be experienced across Glasgow and beyond.
Glasgow's LEZ will be introduced on a phased basis:
Phase 1 will be enforced from 31 December 2018 and will apply to local service buses only.
Phase 2 will be enforced from 31 December 2022 and will apply to all other vehicles.
Details of the area covered by LEZ Phase 1 (which applies to local service buses only) can be found here.
Buchanan Bus Station and specific access roads to it are presently exempt from the LEZ. This is to allow low frequency services operated by non-compliant vehicles to continue to serve the city.
The exact area of LEZ Phase 2 (which applies to all vehicles from 31 December 2022) will be determined following detailed transport modelling and to allow for the re-routing of vehicles wishing to avoid entering the zone. It is generally expected to be however, the area known as the city centre which is that bounded by the M8, River Clyde and High Street/Saltmarket.
Indicative signage that will raise awareness of the LEZ boundary has been installed at key city centre locations. See here for further details.
Glasgow's LEZ will adopt the following emission standards:
The emission standards for motorcycles and mopeds are still being considered.
The use of Euro standards is commonplace across European Low Emission Zones.
Whilst there is no official database available to check a vehicle against the required Euro standard, the DVLA are developing a future programme.
The current alternative is to use vehicle age as a guide to the relevant Euro standard - noting the dates when each Euro category was introduced.
It is recommended that you contact the vehicle manufacturer to check the Euro standard of your vehicle if you are unsure.
Permanent and/or time limited exemptions from the requirements of the LEZ are yet to be set by the Scottish Ministers.
The hours of operation are to be determined.
Glasgow's LEZ will be enforced using Automatic Number Plate Recognition (ANPR) cameras.
Glasgow's LEZ is based on a penalty notice approach to effectively ban non-compliant vehicles. The penalty charge sum is yet to be determined by the Scottish Ministers.
There will be engagement/consultation with interested parties and residents over the coming months. Grace periods will subsequently be established to allow residents within the LEZ extra time to comply with the emissions requirements.
Phase 1 of the LEZ is concerned with local service buses only. Other vehicles are not required to comply with the emission standards until the very end of 2022.
By advising local businesses about the LEZ in advance and committing to a period of consultation and engagement in the coming months, local businesses will have the opportunity to plan and prepare.
The LEZ is expected to enhance the comfort and attractiveness of the city centre, complementing projects such as The Avenues which will see £115 million of City Deal investment into streetscape improvements.
The majority of Glasgow's air quality issues relate to the city centre so the greatest benefit to public health will be gained by enforcing a Low Emission Zone in this area first.
Since many buses which travel through the LEZ will also journey through other parts of the city, an improvement in emissions is expected beyond the LEZ area.
The introduction of the LEZ is part of a range of measures to improve air quality. Many of these can be found in our Air Quality Action Plans.
All council vehicles will meet the required emission standards required by the LEZ.
The council also has a number of electric vehicles on fleet, the numbers of which we are looking to increase.
Schemes Funded by Transport Scotland and Managed by Energy Saving Trust
Schemes Managed by Transport Scotland