Glasgow has set a target of no fatalities or serious injuries on city roads by 2030.
Road safety in the city has been steadily improving over the past decade with the number killed or seriously injured in general decline. But in 2019 that still meant that nine people died and 160 were seriously injured as a consequence of road traffic collisions with over 750 people slightly injured in these incidents.
'Failed to look' by both drivers or riders and pedestrians is the most common cause for collisions but while the occupants of cars represent the largest overall number of casualties from road incidents, pedestrians, and in particular older pedestrians, are most vulnerable to serious injury or fatality.
With human error a major factor in serious incidents, the Vision Zero for serious or fatal incidents will be based upon creating a 'Safe System' for the city's road network that is designed to minimise the likelihood of collisions occurring but also reduce the consequences of such events when they do happen.
In a new road safety strategy for the city, a range of measures has been identified as essential for the creation of the 'Safe System'. These measures include improved road safety engineering, enforcement, introducing safety cameras at key locations, initiatives that improve road safety around city schools, education projects, cycle training schemes and road safety campaigns.
Councillor Anna Richardson, City Convener for Sustainability and Carbon Reduction, believes that safer streets must go hand-in-hand with a shift to more people using sustainable forms of transport. A city wide 20mph speed limit would be central to creating that shift, but also through pursing the development of low traffic neighbourhoods.
Councillor Richardson said: "Road collisions have an immeasurable impact on those directly involved, but also create a significant financial impact on public services. But concerns about road safety can also deter people from walking, cycling or spending time outdoors.
"To build healthier, more active communities, it is essential that we design streets for people rather than traffic. Introducing a city-wide 20 mph speed limit will be a crucial element of creating a safer roads environment. Slowing vehicle speed opens up opportunities for people to walk and cycle more often, which in turn improves the environment we all live in.
"The car free zones that form part of the School Streets initiative are helping to reduce traffic around school gates and we will continue to make Glasgow increasingly safer for cyclists by extending the growing network of cycle lanes across the city. Implementing low traffic neighbourhoods will limit through traffic on residential streets and will help to create safer spaces within communities where people can feel more confident walking, wheeling or cycling.
"No level of death or serious injury is acceptable in our road transport network. Our vision of zero serious or fatal incidents by 2030 is undoubtedly challenging, but achieving this target will make an enormous difference to the well-being of the city."
The new road safety plan, which runs until 2030, was presented before the council's Environment, Sustainability and Carbon Reduction Policy Development Committee. The strategy was developed in partnership with Police Scotland and Scottish Fire and Rescue.
In the plan it is identified that 92% of collisions occurred within a 30mph limit, 73% of collisions occurred in fine weather and 18% in rain, 70% of collisions occurred in light conditions and 30% in the dark, 31% of collisions involved pedestrians and 63% of collisions occurred at a junction (various types). In contrast 70% of cycling casualties occurred at a junction and 86% involve a car.
Glasgow currently has eighty two 20mph zones covering 288km of roads, including the city centre. Analysis of the police database shows that, in total, there has been a 31% reduction in the number of casualties within in these zones since their introduction.