The purpose of this briefing is to look in more detail at the structure of the working age population in Glasgow. The main data source is the Annual Population Survey produced by the Office for National Statistics, and the convention has been to include the population aged between 16 and 64 years as defining the working age population for both females and males.
The intention is to look at levels of employment, unemployment and economic inactivity with the latter category being a catch-all term for people of working age neither unemployed nor actively looking for employment. It includes people in full-time education, full-time unpaid carers, people both in temporary and long-term sickness, the early retired, as well as people discouraged from looking for employment.
The essential information is available below.
Table 1: Glasgow, Working Age Population Composition of Activity
Inactive wanting work
% Inactive wanting work
Unemp & Inactive want
% Unemp & want work
% other inactive
Employed on UC
% Employed on UC
Note: WAP is working age population; UC is Universal Credit
There is quite a lot of information here and it should be remembered that as the source is a survey, the details are estimates and small variations may reflect the statistical source.
However, there is enough detail to draw some firm conclusions from the data
The data can also be placed in a wider context, comparing the Glasgow data with that for the local authorities surrounding Glasgow (NGC, Non-Glasgow Conurbation), Scotland and the UK. The following conclusions are taken from comparing data for the year to March 2020 with the year to December 2021 in order to assess the impact of the pandemic.
It should be borne in mind that the next release of data may produce another set of conclusions; but for the time being the following comments can be made.
As already mentioned, this data comes from a survey (Annual Population Survey) and there may be issues about the sampling framework. And the next data release may lead to a different set of conclusions.
However, as it stands, the data for Glasgow seems to be more positive in terms of employment and unemployment than in the overall Scottish and UK context. This data will continue to be monitored along with further exploration of female and male rates.